top of page


***If you have trouble accessing any of the publications, don't hesitate to get in touch! I will happily share a .pdf with you; just send me an email at

63. Källo, K., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Baktoft, H., Lesher, C., Bekkevold, D., Grønkjær, P., Bederford, G., Aarestrup, K. (in press). Otolith microchemistry combined with genetics reveal patterns of straying and population connectivity in a salmonid. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. doi: 10.1111/eff.12760

62. Lennox, R. J., Afonso, P., Birnie-Gauvin, K., et al. (in press). Tracking aquatic animals to understand a world increasingly shaped by a changing climate and extreme weather events. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.

61. Scwieterman, G. D., Hardison, E. A., Cox, G. K., Van Wert, J. C., Birnie-Gauvin, K., & Eliason, E. J. (2023). Mechanisms of cardiac collapse at high temperature in a marine teleost (Girella nigrians). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, 286, 111512. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2023.111512

60. Thieme, M., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Opperman, J. J., Franklin, P., Richter, H., Baumgartner, L., Ning, N., Vu, A.V., Brink, K., Sakala, M., O’Brien, G. C., Petersen, R., Tongchai, P., Cooke, S. J. (in press). Measures to safeguard and restore river connectivity. Environmental Reviews. doi: 10.1139/er-2023-0019

59. Lennox, R. J., Alos, J., Arlinghaus, R., Aspillaga, E., Bertram, M., Birnie-Gauvin, K., et al. (2023). Positioning aquatic animals with acoustic transmitters. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 2514-2530. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.14191

58. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Patterson, D. A., Cooke, S. J., Hinch, S. G., Eliason, E. J. (2023). Anaerobic metabolism and recovery: roles and implications for mortality in Pacific salmon. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, 31, 497-522. doi: 10.1080/23308249.2023.2224902

57. Cooke, S. J., Harrison, I., Thieme, M., Landsman, S., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Raghavan, R., Creed, I., Pritchard, G., Ricciardi, A., Hanna, D. E. L. (2023). Is it a new day for freshwater biodiversity? Reflections on outcomes of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework. PLOS Sustainability & Transformation, 2, e0000065. doi: 10.1371/journal.pstr.0000065


56. Parasiewicz, P., Belka, K., Łapińska, M., Ławniczak, K., Prus, P., Adamczyk, M., Buras, P., Szlakowski, J., Kaczkowski, Z., Krause, K., O’Keeffe, J., Suska, K., Ligięza, J., Melcher, A., O’Hanley, J., Birnie-Gauvin, K., et al. (2023). Over 200,000 kilometres of free-flowing river habitat is lost to impoundments in Europe. Nature Communications, 14, 6289. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-40922-6

55. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Bordeleau, X., Eldøy, S. H., Bøe, K., Kristensen, M. L., Nilsen, C., Lennox, R. J. (2023). A review of iteroparity in anadromous salmonids: biology, threats and implications. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 33, 1005-1025. doi: 10.1007/s11160-023-09773-8

54. Desforges, J. E., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Jutfelt, F., Gilmour, K. M., Eliason, E. J., Dressler, T. L., McKenzie, D. J., Bates, A. E., Lawrence, M. J., Cooke, S. J. (2023). The ecological relevance of Critical Thermal Maxima methodology (CTM) for fishes. Journal of Fish Biology, 102, 1000-1016. doi: 10.1111/jfb.15368

53. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Lynch, A. J., Franklin, P., Reid, A. J., Landsman, S. J., Tickner, D., Dalton, J., Cooke, S. J., Aarestrup, K. (2023). The RACE for freshwater biodiversity: Essential actions to create the social context for meaningful conservation. Conservation Science and Practice, 5, e12911. doi: 10.1111/csp2.12911

52. Rytwinski, T., Lin, H-Y., Harper, M., Smokorowski, K. E., Smith, A., Reid, J. L., Taylor, J. J., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Bradford, M. J., Crossman, J. A., Kavanagh, R., Lapointe, N. W. R., Turgeon, K., & Cooke, S. J. (2023). How do natural changes in flow magnitude affect fish abundance and biomass in temperate regions? A systematic review. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 4, e12216. doi: 10.1002/2688-8319.12216

51. Källo, K., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Jepsen, N., & Aarestrup, K. (2023). Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) predation on adult anadromous brown trout (Salmo trutta). Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 32, 488-495. doi: 10.1111/eff.12701

50. Cooke, S. J., & Birnie-Gauvin, K. (2022). The conservation and restoration of freshwater ecosystems and biodiversity can be enhanced with ecopracticology. Socio-Ecological Practice Science, 4, 409-416. doi: 10.1007/s42532-022-00129-3

49. Källo, K., Baktoft, H., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Aarestrup, K. (2022). Variability in straying behaviour among repeat spawning anadromous brown trout (Salmo trutta) followed over several years. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 79, 2453-2450. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsac183

48. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Berthelsen, C., Larsen, T., & Aarestrup, K. (2022). The physiological costs of reproduction in capital breeders. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 96, 40-52. doi: 10.1086/722136

47. Aarestrup, K., Baktoft, H., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Sundelöf, A., Cardinale, M., Quilez-Badi, G., Onandia, I., Casini, M., Nielsen, E. E., Koed, A., Alemany, F., & MacKenzie, B.R. (2022). First tagging data on large Atlantic bluefin tuna behaviour in newly retaken Nordic areas reveals suggests repeated behaviour and skipped spawning. Scientific Reports, 12, 11772. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-15819-x

46. Cooke, S. J., Bergman, J. N., Twardek, W. M., Piczak, M. L., Casselberry, G. A., Lutek, K., Dahlmo, L. S., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Griffin, L. P. et al. (2022). The movement ecology of fishes. Journal of Fish Biology, 101, 756-779. doi: 10.1111/jfb.15153

45. Källo, K., Baktoft, H., Kristensen, M. L., Birnie-Gauvin, K., & Aarestrup, K. (2022). High prevalence of straying in a wild brown trout (Salmo trutta) population in a fjord system. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 79, 1539-1547. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsac079

44. Madliger, C. L., Creighton, M. J. A., Raby, G. D., Bennett, J. R., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Lennox, R. J., & Cooke, S. J. (2022). Physiology as a tool for at-risk animal recovery planning: An analysis of Canadian recovery strategies with global recommendations. Conservation Science and Practice, 4, e12701. doi: 10.1111/csp2.12701

43. Cooke, S. J., Auld, H. L., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Elvidge, C. K., Piczak, M. L., Twardek, W. M., Raby, G. D., Brownscombe, J. W., Midwood, J. D., Lennox, J. R., Madliger, C., Wilson, A. D. M., Binder, T. R., Schreck, C. B., McLaughlin, R. L., Grant, J., & Muir, A. M.  (in press).  On the relevance of animal behavior to the management and conservation of fishes and fisheries.  Environmental Biology of Fishes. doi: 10.1007/s10641-022-01255-3 

42. Cooke, S. J., Vermaire, J. C., Baulch, H. M., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Twardek, W., & Richardson J. S. (2022). Our failure to protect the stream and its valley: A call to “back off” from riparian development. Freshwater Science, 41. doi: 10.1086/719958

41. Koster, W., Aarestrup, K., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Church, B., Dawson, D., Lyon, J., O’Connor, J., Righton, D., Rose, D., Westerberg, H., & Stuart, I. (2021). First tracking of the oceanic spawning migrations of Australasian short-finned eels (Anguilla australis). Scientific Reports, 11, 22976. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-02325-9

40. Bubb, D., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Tummers, J., Aarestrup, K., Jepsen, N., & Lucas, M.C. (2021). Short-term effects of low-head barrier removals on fish communities and habitats. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution (Special Issue: Challenges and benefits of restoring river connectivity), 9, 697106. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2021.697106

39. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Koed, A., & Aarestrup, K. (in press). Repeatability of migratory behaviour suggests trade-off between size and survival in a wild iteroparous salmonid. Functional Ecology, 35, 2717-2727. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.13917

38. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Bordeleau, X., Cooke, S.J., Davidsen, J.D., Eldøy, S.H., Eliason, E.J., Moore, A., & Aarestrup, K. (2021).  Life-history strategies in salmonids: the role of physiology and its consequences. Biological Reviews, 96, 2304-2320. doi: 10.1111/brv.12753

37. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Rytwinski, T., Harper, M., Taylor, J.J., Smith, A., Smokorowski, K.E., Turgeon, K., Bradford, M.J., & Cooke, S.J. (2021) How do natural changes in flow magnitude affect fish abundance and diversity in temperate regions? A systematic review protocol. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 2, e12079. doi: 10.1002/2688-8319.12079

36. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Larsen, M.H., Peiman, K.S., Midwood, J.D., Wilson, A.D.M., Cooke, S.J., & Aarestrup, K. (2021).  No evidence for long-term carryover effects in a wild salmonid fish. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 94, 319-329. doi: 10.1086/716000

35. Desforges, J. E., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Aarestrup, K., & Cooke, S. J. (2021). Upper thermal tolerance indicated by CTmax fails to predict migration strategy and timing, growth, and predation vulnerability in juvenile brown trout Salmo trutta. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 94, 215-227. doi: ​10.1086/714636

34. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Larsen, M. H., & Aarestrup, K. (2021). Energetic state and the continuum of migratory tactics in brown trout (Salmo trutta). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 78, 1435-1443. doi: 10.1139/cjfas-2021-0025

33. Belletti, B., Garcia de Leaniz, C., Jones, J., Bizzi, S., Börger, L., Segura, G., Castelletti, A., van de Bund, W., Aarestrup, K., Barry, J., Belka, K., Berkhuysen, A., Birnie-Gauvin, K., et al. (2020). More than one million barriers fragment Europe’s rivers. Nature, 588, 436-441. doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-3005-2Featured on cover

32. Lennox, R. J., Pulg, U., Malley, B., Gabrielsen, S. E., Hanssen, E. M., Cooke, S. J., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Barlaup, B. T., & Vollset, K. W. (2020). On the various ways that anadromous salmonids use lake habitats to complete their life history. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 78, 90-100. doi: 10.1139/cjfas-2020-0225

31. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Nielsen, J., Frandsen, S. B., Olsen, H. M., & Aarestrup, K. (2020). Catchment-scale effects of river fragmentation: a case study on restoring connectivity. Journal of Environmental Management. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110408


30. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Lennox, R. L., Guglielmo, C. G., Teffer, A. K., Crossin, G. T., Norris, D. R., Aarestrup, K., Cooke, S. J. (2020). The value of experimental approaches in migration biology. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 93, 210-226. doi: 10.1086/708455


29. Koed, A., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Sivebæk, F., & Aarestrup, K. (2020). From endangered to sustainable: multi-faceted management in rivers and coasts improves Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) populations in Denmark. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 27, 64-76. doi: 10.1111/fme.12385


28. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Thorstad, E. B., & Aarestrup, K. (2019). Overlooked aspects of the Salmo salar and Salmo trutta lifecycles. Reviews in Fish Biology & Fisheries, 29, 749-766. doi: 10.1007/s11160-019-09575-x


27. Lennox, R.J., Paukert, C., Aarestrup, K., Auger-Methe, M., Baumgartner, L., Birnie-Gauvin, K., et al. (2019). 100 pressing questions on the future of global fish migration science, conservation, and policy. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00286.


26. Kristensen, M. L., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Aarestrup K. (2019). Behaviour of veteran sea trout Salmo trutta L. in a dangerous fjord system. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 616, 141-153.  doi: 10.3354/meps12940


25. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Flavio, H., Kristensen, M. L., Walton-Rabideau, S., Cooke, S. J., Willmore, W. G., Koed, A., & Aarestrup, K. (2019). Cortisol predicts migration timing and success in both Atlantic salmon and sea trout kelts. Scientific Reports, 9, 2422. doi: 10.1028/s41598-019-39153-x


24. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Højrup, L. B., Kragh, T., Jacobsen, L., & Aarestrup, K. (2019). Getting cosy in freshwater: Assumed to be brackish pike are not so brackish after all. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 28, 376-384. doi: 10.1111/eff.12460


23. Birnie‐Gauvin, K., & Aarestrup, K. (2018). A call for a paradigm shift: Assumed‐to‐be premature migrants actually yield good returns. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 28, 62-68. doi: 10.1111/eff.12431


22. Kristensen, M. L., Birnie-Gauvin, K., & Aarestrup, K. (2018). Routes and survival of anadromous brown trout Salmo trutta L. post-smolts during early marine migration through a Danish fjord system. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 209, 102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2018.05.015


21. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Franklin, P., Wilkes, M., & Aarestrup, K. (2019). Moving beyond fitting fish into equations: Progressing the fish passage debate in the Anthropocene. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 29, 1095-1105. doi: 10.1002/aqc.2946


20. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Candee, M. M., Baktoft, H., Larsen, M. H., Koed, A., & Aarestrup, K. (2018). River connectivity reestablished: effects and implications of six weir removals on brown trout smolt migration. River Research and Applications, 34, 548-554. doi: 10.1002/rra.3271


19. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Peiman, K. S., Larsen, M. H., Aarestrup, K., Gilmour, K. M., & Cooke, S. J. (2018). Comparison of cocoa butter and vegetable shortening as vehicles for manipulation in Salmo trutta. Journal of Fish Biology, 92, 229-236. doi: 10.1111/jfb.13513


18. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Larsen, M. H., Thomassen, S. T., & Aarestrup, K. (2018). Testing three common stocking methods: differences in smolt size, migration rate and timing of two strains of stocked Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture, 483, 163-168. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.10.021


17. Bower, S., Brownscombe, J. W., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Ford, M., Moraga, A., Pusiak, R., Turenne, E. D., Zolderdo, A., Cooke, S. J., & Bennett, J. R. (2018). Making touch choices: Picking the appropriate conservation decision-making tool. Conservation Letters, 11, 1-7. doi: 10.1111/conl.12418


16. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Tummers, J. S., Lucas, M. C., & Aarestrup, K. (2017). Adaptive management in the context of barriers in European freshwater ecosystems. Journal of Environmental Management, 204, 436-431. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.09.023


15. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Larsen, M. H., Nielsen, J., & Aarestrup, K. (2017). 30 years of data reveal a dramatic increase in abundance of brown trout following the removal of a small hydrodam. Journal of Environmental Management, 204, 467-471. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.09.022


14. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Larsen, M. H., Aarestrup, K., & Cooke, S. J. (2018). N-acetylcysteine manipulation fails to elicit an increase in glutathione in a teleost model. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 44, 137-142. doi: 10.1007/s10695-017-0419-3


13. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Peiman, K. S., Larsen, M. H., Baktoft, H., Aarestrup, K., Willmore, W. G. & Cooke, S. J. (2017). Oxidative stress and partial migration brown trout (Salmo trutta). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 95, 829-835. doi: 10.1139/cjz-2016-0312


12. Peiman, K. S., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Larsen, M. H., Colborne, S., Gilmour, K. M., Aarestrup, K., Willmore, W. G., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). Morphological, physiological and dietary covariation in migratory and resident adult brown trout (Salmo trutta). Zoology, 123, 79-90. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2017.07.002


11. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Peiman, K. S., Raubenheimer, D., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). Nutritional physiology of wildlife in a changing world. Conservation Physiology, 5, cox030. doi: 10.1093/conphys/cox030


10. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Aarestrup, K., Riis, T. M. O., Jepsen, N., & Koed, A. (2017). Shining a light on the loss of rheophilic fish habitat in lowland rivers as a forgotten consequence of barriers and its implications for management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 27, 1345-1349. doi: 10.1002/aqc.2795


9. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Walton, S., Delle Palme, C. A., Manouchehri, B. A., Venne, S., Lennox, R. J., Chapman, J. M., Bennett, J. R., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). Conservation can inform threat assessment and recovery planning processes for threatened species. Endangered Species Research, 32, 507-513. doi: 10.3354/esr/00831


8. Cooke, S.J., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Lennox, R. J., Taylor, J. J., Rytwinski, T., Rummer, J. L., Franklin, C. E., Bennett, R. J., & Haddaway, N. R. (2017). How experimental biology and ecology can support evidence-based decision-making in conservation: Avoiding pitfalls and enabling application. Conservation Physiology, 5, cox043. doi: 10.1093/conphys/cox043


7. Brownscombe, J. W., Reid, A. J., Dolgova, L., Pusiak, R., Laurich, B., Turenne, E. D., Zolderdo, A., Moraga, A., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Brooks, J., Sullivan, B., Ford, M., Bower, S. D., Bennett, J. R., & Cooke, S. J. “Aquatic Conservation”. In Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. Ed. David Gibson. New York: Oxford University Press.


6. Peiman, K. S., Birnie-Gauvin, K., Midwood, J. D., Larsen, M. H., Wilson, A. D. M., Aarestrup, K., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). If and when: Intrinsic differences and environmental stressors influence migration in brown trout (Salmo trutta). Oecologia, 184, 375-384. doi: 10.1007/s00442-017-3873-9

5. Szekeres, P., Wilson, A. D. M., Haak, C. R., Danylchuk, A. J., Brownscombe, J. W., Elvidge, C. K., Shultz, A. D., Birnie-Gauvin, K., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). Does coastal light pollution alter the nocturnal behavior and blood physiology of juvenile bonefish (Albula vulpes)? Bulletin of Marine Science, 93, 491-505. doi: 10.5343/bms.2016.1061


4. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Peiman, K. S., Larsen, M. H., Aarestrup, K., Willmore, W. G., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). Short-term and long-term effects of exogenous cortisol manipulation on oxidative stress in juvenile brown trout. Journal of Experimental Biology, 220, 1693-1700. doi: 10.1241/jeb.155465


3. Aarestrup, K., Birnie-Gauvin, K., & M.H. Larsen. (2018). Another paradigm lost? Autumn downstream migration of juvenile brown trout: evidence for a pre-smolt migration. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 27, 513-516. doi: 10.1111/eff.12335


2. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Costantini, D., Willmore, W. G., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). A comparative and evolutionary approach to oxidative stress in fish: a review. Fish and Fisheries, 18, 928-942. doi: 10.1111/faf.12215


1. Birnie-Gauvin, K., Peiman, K. S., Gallagher, A. J., de Bruijn, R., & Cooke, S. J. (2016). Sublethal consequences of urban life for wild vertebrates. Environmental Reviews, 24, 416-425. doi: 10.1139/er-2016-0029


Editorials, book chapters & reports

11. Komoroske, L., & Birnie-Gauvin, K. (2022). Conservation physiology of fishes for tomorrow: successful conservation in a changing world and priority actions for the field. In: Conservation Physiology for the Anthropocene – Issues and Applications (Volume 39B), pp. 581-628.

10. Birnie-Gauvin, K. (2020). Sleeping beauties—how do frogs stay alive without oxygen? Conservation Physiology in Action, 8, coaa042. doi: 10.1093/conphys/coaa042

9. Birnie-Gauvin K., MacKenzie B.R., and Aarestrup K. (2020). Electronic tagging of bluefin tunas in Scandinavian waters 2018. ICCAT Collect. Vol. Sci. Paps. 76, 631-636.

8. MacKenzie B.R., Aarestrup K., Birnie-Gauvin K., Cardinale M., Casini M., Harkes I., Onandia I., Quilez-Badia G., and Sundelöf A. (2020). Electronic tagging of adult bluefin tunas by sport fishery in the Skagerrak, 2017. ICCAT Collect. Vol. Sci. Paps. 76, 616-630.

7. Birnie-Gauvin, K. Cage diving is costly, not for humans, but for white sharks. SEB Journal Highlights. Published online, April 1, 2019.

6. Birnie-Gauvin, K. Raccoons with access to food waste are chubbier and sweeter. SEB Journal Highlights. Published online, November 1, 2018.

5. Birnie-Gauvin, K. (2018). Toads are plastic, it’s fantastic! Or is it?. Conservation Physiology, 6, coy048. doi: 10.1093/conphys/coy048

4. Birnie-Gauvin, K. Muskox wooly undercoat: unexpected tool for health monitoring and conservation. SEB Journal Highlights. Published online, April 29, 2018.

3. Birnie-Gauvin, K. (2018). Right whale poo: the key to conserving an endangered species? Conservation Physiology, 5, cox063. doi: 10.1093/conphys/cox063

2. Birnie-Gauvin, K. Feeding in a human-dominated world. SEB Journal Highlights. SEB Journal Highlights. Published online, November 1, 2017.


1. Birnie-Gauvin, K. Heat Wave. The effects of global warming and ocean acidification on marine ectotherms: a meta-analysis. SEB Journal Highlights. Published online, October 31, 2016.

bottom of page